Summary of responses to the PRI reporting and assessment tool 2009

Pax World

Organisational Overview
Organisational Overview

This section captures information that helps determine if some of the subsequent questions are required and also plays a role in benchmarking. Please make sure you provide accurate answers.
This is also one of the more challenging sections as it may require gathering information from multiple sources. We suggest you collect all this information before progressing to other parts of the questionnaire.

1. What were your organisation's total assets under management as of the most recent count (in millions)?

(Estimating to the nearest hundred million as of December 31 2008 would be preferable - although the most recent available count would be sufficient. If your currency is not listed, please select 'other' and indicate your currency or convert to United States dollars.)

1900
Please select currencyUnited States dollar (USD)
1a. If 'other' was selected, please specify the other currency hereNo Answer

2. Please pick the one category and level of complexity that best describes your organisation (if your organisation is a pension fund, please also select your pension type). This information may be used to provide you with the best possible benchmarking.

Complexity

  • Highly complex:- (>20 investment strategies, multiple offices in different countries)
  • Moderately complex:- (5-20 investment strategies, a few offices)
  • Simple:- (<5 investment strategies, one office)
Category
Complexity
Socially responsible investment managerModerately complex
2a. If 'other' was selected, please specify the other category hereNo answer
3. Please provide an approximation of your average asset mix for 2008 or your asset mix as of the most recent count (in percent):

(+/- 5% is sufficient. The sum of all the fields must be 100%)

 
Internal
Active
Internal
Passive
External
Active
External
Passive
Listed equity (developed markets)59.2900.310
Listed equity (emerging markets)1.6000
Fixed income (not including corporate issuers)26.04000
Fixed income (corporate issuers)11.52000
Private equity0000
Listed real estate or property0000
Non-listed real estate or property0000
Hedge funds0000
Commodities0000
Infrastructure0000
Cash1.2300.010
Other (Please specify):
0000
Governance, Policy and Strategy
Governance, Policy and Strategy

Questions 5 through 15 are about the governance and oversight of your organisation's responsible investment activities and the associated policies and strategy. This section will be scored separately from the six Principles.

"Policy" in this section may refer to one overall RI policy or multiple policies that address various elements of RI.

5. Do you have a policy that makes specific reference to responsible investment (RI) or environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues?Yes
6. If you have a policy that makes specific reference to RI/ESG issues, which of the following Principles does it address?

(Please check all that apply.)

Principle 1: We will incorporate ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes.,Principle 2: We will be active owners and incorporate ESG issues into our ownership policies and practices.,Principle 3: We will seek appropriate disclosure on ESG issues by the entities in which we invest.
7. If you have a policy that makes specific reference to RI/ESG issues, which of the following asset classes does it apply to?

(Please check all that apply.)

Listed equity (developed markets),Fixed income (not including corporate issuers),Fixed income (corporate issuers)
8. If you have a policy that makes specific reference to RI/ESG issues, when was your policy last reviewed?Within the last 3 years
9. If you have a policy that makes specific reference to RI/ESG issues, has it been disclosed publicly?

(If answering yes, please indicate how this statement can be obtained - a URL would be sufficient. If answering no, please explain why not.)

Yes: 'http://paxworld.com/investment-approach/esg/'
10. To what extent has your approach to responsible investment been translated into a plan of action as reflected in business planning, strategic planning, or similar internal management processes?

  • Large extent: you have both long and short term RI objectives relating to various aspects of your RI program across asset classes and regions that are regularly updated or reviewed. Larger organisational objectives have been reduced to individual objectives for which staff members are held accountable on a regular basis. There are key performance indicators related to responsible investment and resources have been allocated. You feel you have invested considerably in RI implementation and processes.
  • Moderate extent: you have a plan for some aspects of your RI program but not others. Some staff members have specific RI objectives. High level goals may be understood but not documented. You feel you are progressing in RI implementation but have some way to go.
  • Small extent: you have developed a list of actions when you first adopted responsible investment or your approach to RI is ad hoc with new initiatives being implemented as time allows. You are at an early stage in your RI implementation.
To a large extent
11. Who within your organisation has responsibilities related to RI implementation?

(Please check all that apply.)

Board of trustees or board of directors,Committee of the board of trustees or board of directors,Chief Executive Officer or Chief Investment Officer or equivalent,Other senior management,Middle management,RI or ESG specialist,Non RI or ESG investment professional
12. Do you have a policy or approach/process that requires screening out or excluding stocks or sectors from your investment universe?Both stocks and sectors
13. What are your reasons for screening out or excluding stocks or sectors from your investment universe?

(Please check all that apply.)

We (and/or our clients) wish to avoid supporting the companies/sectors in question based on ethical considerations and we regard buying/holding their stock as providing such support,We believe that it is possible to exclude companies/sectors which will prove to be long term chronic underperformers in terms of their ability to maintain and grow earnings i.e. our exclusion is based on a high level integration
14. Please describe how your organisation assesses if there is a link between your RI activities and the performance (risk and return) of your investments:At Pax World, we believe there is a link between RI activities and performance, and we integrate traditional financial analysis with environmental, social and governance (ESG), or sustainability analysis. This second layer of analysis gives us added insight into the quality of a firm's management and culture, risk, innovation and other factors influencing a company's long-term financial prospects. In other words, ESG analysis gives us another angle from which to assess the same core elements of value that we look for in financial analysis. We believe that well-managed companies offer investors the best opportunity to add value to their portfolios over the long term. There is some developing academic literature that shows that sustainable business practices can have positive impacts on risk, or beta. A much larger body of literature posits that sustainable investing can add alpha, or at least does not detract from it.
15. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Governance, Policy, and Strategy here.With few exceptions, companies are not required to provide ESG disclosure to investors. Pax World believes that the full integration of financial and sustainability analysis will become more effective as more companies report on a wider array of ESG indicators, such as policies, procedures and related performance data.
Principle 1
Principle 1: We will incorporate ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes.

For the purposes of this questionnaire, integration is the consideration of ESG issues alongside traditional financial measures, based on the belief that ESG issues can affect the performance (risk and/or return) of investment portfolios (to varying degrees across companies, sectors, regions, asset classes and through time). Please note that the view that ESG issues can influence investment returns may be based either on

  1. the premise that performance on these issues will eventually be reflected in financial and operational outcomes (revenue growth, margins, etc.) or
  2. the premise that the way in which the market rates or prices the stock will be affected even in the absence of an impact on financial or operational performance. However, exclusion of stocks from portfolios or downweighting them based on the possibility that an association with the stocks may adversely affect the owners profile or brand amongst stakeholders is not regarded as integration.
16. Please provide a one to two paragraph description of your approach to this Principle.

This question and similar questions relating to each of the other Principles are being asked for three reasons. The first reason is to gather details regarding signatory implementation for inclusion in the PRI annual report on progress. The second reason is to capture activities not captured directly by questions in the Reporting and Assessment Tool. The third reason is to provide context and details to support verification calls.

To us, sustainable investing means the full integration of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors into investment analysis and decision making. In our view, the combination of rigorous financial analysis and equally rigorous ESG analysis provides an extra level of scrutiny that helps us identify better long-term investments. For more information, please visit Pax World's website at http://paxworld.com/investment-approach/esg/.
Integration of ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes of internally managed assets
17. For what percentage of your internal assets under active management do you integrate RI/ESG issues into your internal investment decision-making processes (in percent)?

(+/- 5% is sufficient.)

Listed equity (developed markets)100
Listed equity (emerging markets)100
Fixed income (not including corporate issuers)100
Fixed income (corporate issuers)100
18. To what extent have you integrated RI/ESG issues into your internal active investment decision-making processes?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q17.)

  • Large extent: you employ a systematic process to integrate RI/ESG issue consideration. RI/ESG issues may be considered in security valuation, security selection, and/or portfolio construction.
  • Moderate extent: for some RI/ESG issues you may have a systematic integration approach while for other issues you approach them in an ad hoc manner or not at all.
  • Small extent: for a few RI/ESG issues you may integrate consideration some of the time.
Listed equity (developed markets)To a large extent
Listed equity (emerging markets)To a large extent
Fixed income (not including corporate issuers)To a large extent
Fixed income (corporate issuers)To a large extent
19. When forming investment views, to what extent does your organisation gather and analyse ESG information, including, where applicable, information obtained from engagement activities?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q17.)

  • Large extent: you gather and analyse information across a comprehensive range of ESG issues and across a large proportion of the markets and assets in your investment universe. Furthermore, the information is updated regularly. This research and analysis may be undertaken internally or may be purchased from an external party. In the latter case, internal resources are nevertheless applied to interpreting the information. Alternatively, one or more ESG issues may be the key driver for your overall investment strategy and process.
  • Moderate extent: you gather and analyse information across a moderate range of ESG issues and across a significant part of your investment universe. There remain some gaps in coverage, either in terms of the issues and asset markets covered, or the frequency with which analysis is refreshed, as well as some gaps in internal capacity to analyse the information.
  • Small extent: you gather and analyse some information on ESG issues. This research is ad hoc in nature, however, and considerable gaps exist in coverage and timeliness. You feel that you are in the early stages of developing capacity to gather and analyse information on ESG issues.
  • Not applicable: only a possible answer if you don't manage assets internally.
To a large extent
20. To what extent do portfolio managers or others making investment decisions in your organisation apply the ESG information and analysis available to them when constructing and managing portfolios?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q17.)

  • Large extent: you have a systematic approach towards assessing the implications of all ESG research and analysis which is gathered by your organisation and incorporating it into your assessment of the investment outlook for all investments which are potentially affected and, hence, into portfolio holdings.
  • Moderate extent: you regularly consider the implications of ESG research for investments where the case for doing so is clear-cut. In other cases, however, ESG research is not thoroughly assessed and applied in formulating views on all investments where it may be relevant.
  • Small extent: ESG research is used on an  as-needed basis. Generally, ESG research may be used as part of a qualitative overlay and to decide between investments where the investment case, judged on traditional analysis, is marginal. Alternatively, ESG research may be applied in portfolios only in respect of a relatively small number of sectors where one or more ESG issues are of most obvious relevance e.g. major corporate governance failings, high exposure to heavy polluters.
  • Not applicable: only a possible answer if you don't manage assets internally.
To a large extent
21. To what extent do you have a process for improving the effectiveness of research and portfolio management processes with regards to ESG factors?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q17.)

  • Large extent: on a continuous basis, you review both the quality and relevance of ESG research and the effectiveness with which it is applied in your day-to-day portfolio management, with a view to optimising your overall investment process through identifying opportunities or risks.
  • Moderate extent: you review ESG research regularly (at least annually) with a view to enhancing its coverage and relevance and/or the way it is used in portfolio management. The focus is both on identifying investment opportunities and avoiding risks.
  • Small extent: you occasionally review the integration of ESG research.
To a large extent
22. To what extent do you have a process for assessing and improving internal investment staff competency to incorporate RI/ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q17.)

  • Large extent: all relevant staff members undergo a regular assessment of their RI competency, resulting in an individual plan for ongoing professional development. In addition, the overall skill mix within the team is regularly reviewed to identify any gaps. RI-competency may be integral to recruitment decisions.
  • Moderate extent: relevant staff members are encouraged to undertake relevant external RI-related training and some in-house sessions are provided. RI-competency may be an element in recruitment decisions.
  • Small extent: relevant staff members are permitted, at the organisation's cost, to attend external RI-related training courses, conferences etc.
To a moderate extent
Integration of ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes of externally managed assets
23. For what percentage of your external assets under management are RI/ESG issues integrated into the investment decision-making processes of your external investment managers (in percent, +/- 5% is sufficient)?
Listed equity (developed markets)100
24. To what extent have RI/ESG issues been integrated into the investment decision-making processes of your external investment managers?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q23.)

  • Large extent: your investment manager employs a systematic process to integrate RI/ESG issue consideration. RI/ESG issues may be considered in security valuation, security selection, and/or portfolio construction.
  • Moderate extent: for some RI/ESG issues your investment manager may have a systematic integration approach while for other issues they approach them in an ad hoc manner or not at all.
  • Small extent: for a few RI/ESG issues your investment manager may integrate consideration some of the time.
Listed equity (developed markets)To a large extent
25. To what extent do you consider the capabilities of external investment managers to incorporate RI/ESG issues when searching for, selecting and retaining your external investment managers?

(Applies only to investments that include integration of RI/ESG issues as indicated in Q23.)

  • Large extent: ESG integration is integral to your views on all of your investment managers and, hence, on your hire, fire and retain decisions. You look at the ESG information available to your managers, the way that they integrate it into their investment decisions and the competence of their staff in ESG areas. Where you believe that managers are not developing their capabilities to your satisfaction, you raise your concerns with them and ensure that they recognise the importance of RI capability in determining the awarding of future mandates.
  • Moderate extent: ESG integration is part of your assessment of all managers and there have been cases where your degree of comfort with a manager has been affected by their performance in the area. You may have made hire/fire decisions on this basis on rare occasions. You monitor the resources which the managers devote to the area and encourage them to develop their capability. You do not, however, tend to investigate the way that ESG research is reflected in portfolios.
  • Small extent: you observe that your existing and potential managers have differing degrees of commitment to RI/ESG integration and, at the margin, favour those with higher commitment. This issue could be a factor in hire and fire decisions in the future. You have not, however, made a detailed assessment of the RI-related resources applied by all of your managers, nor of the way that such resources are integrated into the investment process.
To a moderate extent
Integration - final comments
26. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Principle 1 here. Please also describe any significant activities relating to Principle 1 that have not been captured by the questions above.Pax World believes that some environmental, social or governance issues are more prominent in some industries. For example, we believe environmental impacts generally deserve more weight when evaluating utility companies than application software companies. Pax World seeks companies that, for example, demonstrate positive performance in the areas identified as key issues for their sector, along with policies, programs and data to address industry-specific concerns.
Principle 2
Principle 2:

We will be active owners and incorporate ESG issues into our ownership policies and practices.

27. Please provide a one to two paragraph description of your approach to this Principle.At Pax World we believe that engaged shareowners can play an important role in improving the financial, environmental, social and corporate governance performance of the companies they invest in. That's why we: " Vote shareholder proxies in accordance with our environmental, social and governance criteria; " Engage in dialogue with corporate management on issues of concern; " Initiate or support shareholder resolutions at annual stockholders meetings aimed at persuading companies to adopt higher standards of corporate responsibility; and " Support public policy initiatives that promote greater corporate transparency, accountability and social responsibility.

(Proxy) voting - applies only to listed equity (developed markets), listed equity (emerging markets) and listed real estate or property.

28. Do you have a (proxy) voting policy?

(If 'Yes - disclosed publicly', please indicate how your (proxy) voting policy can be obtained- a URL would be sufficient. If answering no, please explain why not.)

Yes - disclosed publicly: 'http://www.paxworld.com/pax_code/documents/proxy/proxy-guidelines.pdf'
29. Does your (proxy) voting policy address environmental, social, and governance issues?
EnvironmentalYes
SocialYes
GovernanceYes
30. Who decided how to vote on ballot items on behalf of your organisation in 2008?

(Please check all that apply.)

Internal investment manager,Internal voting or governance group
31. To what extent is information related to ballot items gathered and analysed before voting decisions are made?

  • Large extent: you might buy external voting research and recommendations and supplement it with your own research. Alternatively, you may undertake the research largely in-house. You review each ballot item before casting your votes and undertake whatever analysis is necessary to make an informed judgement.
  • Moderate extent: you might either buy external voting research and recommendations or perform your own research. You review most ballot items before casting your votes and undertake whatever analysis is necessary in most cases to make an informed judgement.
  • Small extent: You generally rely on your research provider to gather and analyse ballot items. You might perform some very limited research on a small number of issues. You might only review some ballot items before your votes are cast and don't usually undertake additional analysis to make an informed judgement.
To a large extent
32. Do you ensure that voting is done in accordance with your voting instructions?Yes for all
33. Do you inform companies of your rationale when you abstain or vote against management recommendations?Yes for some
34. Please indicate how many resolutions you could have voted on and how many resolutions you did vote on in 2008:

(include abstentions as votes where votes against are not possible, use the last available one year period if information for 2008 is not available or too difficult to gather, approximate numbers are acceptable. If you are unable to provide the exact number please provide an approximation of the percentage by entering 10 in the 'Resolutions could have voted on' column and your estimate in the 'Resolutions voted on' column. So if you voted on about 70% of the possible resolutions you would enter 7 in the 'Resolutions voted on' column. If you are not sure, please enter a 1 in all four fields.)

 
Resolutions could have voted on
Resolutions voted on
Domestic26232613
Foreign16751539
35. For the listed equities that you manage, do you provide (proxy) voting services for your clients if they request them?Yes - According to our own policy
36. How does your securities lending program address voting?We recall all securities for voting on all ballot items
37. How many shareholder resolutions related to ESG issues did you file or co-file during 2008?
As lead filer1
As co-filer3
Planning to be lead filer in 20090
Planning to be co-filer in 20090
38. Please explain why you did or did not file or co-file any shareholder resolutions related to RI/ESG issues during 2008:No Answer
Engagement - general
39. Who engaged with companies to seek ESG improvements in 2008?

Please rank who engaged with companies according to their importance within your overall active ownership activities. You can only select Most, Second, Third and Fourth most important once each. Only the method you rank as 'Most important' will be scored for benchmarking purposes. If you wish to request that your other methods of engagement also be scored, please complete all the relevant sections and email the PRI at assessment@unpri.org when you submit your response.

Internal staffMost important
External investment manager(s)Did not engage with companies in 2008
External engagement service provider(s)Did not engage with companies in 2008
Other (Please specify):
No Answer
40. Do you have a written engagement policy or other documents that direct engagement?

(If 'Yes - disclosed publicly', please indicate how your policy can be obtained- a URL would be sufficient.)

Yes - internal document
41. If you have an engagement policy or other documents that direct engagement, what do they include?

(Please check all that apply.)

Indication of what markets it applies to,Expectations of companies with regards to environmental issues,Expectations of companies with regards to social issues,Expectations of companies with regards to governance issues,Approach to monitoring companies,Approach to selecting companies for engagement
42. How many companies are you invested in?429
Engagement - internal staff
43. To what extent do you have a process for identifying and prioritising ESG related engagement opportunities?

  • Large extent: you gather and analyse information across a comprehensive range of ESG issues and across a large proportion of the markets in your investment universe. Furthermore, the information is updated regularly. This research and analysis may be entirely undertaken internally or may be purchased from an external party. In the latter case, however, it is understood that some internal resource would be required to interpret the information. Your research may include an analysis of the impacts of various issues on specific companies and prioritisation of engagement opportunities.
  • Moderate extent: you gather and analyse information across a moderate range of ESG issues and across a significant part of your investment universe. There are some gaps in your coverage however, either in terms of the issues and markets covered, or the frequency with which analysis is refreshed.
  • Small extent: you gather and analyse some information on ESG issues. This research is ad hoc in nature, however, and considerable gaps exist in coverage and timeliness. The process may be largely reactive rather than proactive.
To a moderate extent
44. How many portfolio companies did you engage with on ESG issues in 2008?
  • Extensive engagement: you may have had multiple instances of focused interaction with a company on issues identified by you and with a view to changing the company's behaviour. You were predominantly engaging with people at the company with the authority to change corporate behaviour. The engagements were systematic and you began them with a clear goal in mind. Extensive engagement includes more than writing letters and includes bilateral meetings in person or on the phone. You may have identified other investors to work with to address the issues you have identified.
  • Moderate engagement: you had more than one interaction with a company on issues identified by you or others. The engagement was somewhat systematic but the specific desired outcome may not have been clear at the outset. You may have responded to requests to engage with other investors on issues identified by them.
  • Basic engagement: you directly contacted companies but your engagements tended to be ad hoc and reactive. At the commencement of the engagement, you may not have had clear goals in mind regarding the desired changes to the company's behaviour and you may not have pursued the issue beyond your initial contact with the company. You may have signed on to letters authored by others. Your engagements might be more about gathering information than seeking ESG related improvements.
Extensive engagement9
Moderate engagement9
Basic engagement124
45. What proportion of your engagements addressed environmental, social or governance issues (in percent)?

(One engagement may address more than one issue, so the three percentages need not add to 100%. For example, if you only had one engagement and it addressed environmental and governance issues then the answer would be 100% for environmental and 100% for governance.)

Environmental23
Social42
Governance42
46. To what extent do you set ESG engagement objectives and attempt to evaluate your engagement success?

  • Large extent: you may have developed a clear and systematic process (either through internal efforts or in partnership with an academic or other group) to regularly measure the impact of your engagement efforts. You set engagement objectives before engaging with companies and track outcomes against those objectives.
  • Moderate extent: you may have developed a process to measure the impact of your engagement efforts but may not always apply it. You might set engagement objectives sometimes before engaging with companies.
  • Small extent: you tend not to set engagement objectives before engaging with companies and may only keep track of your successful engagements.
To a moderate extent
47. What percentage of engagements that ended in 2008 were deemed successful (in percent)?

(Engagement success: a considerable part of objectives or milestones that were set when the engagement commenced were achieved.)

50
48. To what extent do you have a process for assessing and improving staff competency to act as active owners and incorporate ESG issues into ownership practices?

  • Large extent: all relevant staff members undergo a regular assessment of their competency in the area of active ownership, resulting in an individual plan for ongoing professional development. In addition, the overall skill mix within the team is regularly reviewed to identify gaps. Competency in the skills required to implement active ownership practices is integral to recruitment decisions.
  • Moderate extent: relevant staff members are encouraged to undertake relevant external training and some in-house sessions are provided. Competency in active ownership activities is an element in recruitment decisions.
  • Small extent: relevant staff members are permitted to attend external training courses, conferences etc, paid for by the organisation, where the events will enhance active ownership competencies.
To a moderate extent
Engagement - external engagement service provider(s)
49. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. How many portfolio companies did your external engagement service provider(s) engage with on ESG issues on your behalf in 2008?
  • Extensive engagement: your external engagement service provider(s) may have had multiple instances of focused interaction with a company on issues identified by you or them and with a view to changing the company's behaviour. Your external engagement service provider(s) was predominantly engaging with people at the company with the authority to change corporate behaviour. The engagements were systematic and they began them with a clear goal in mind. Extensive engagement includes more than writing letters and includes bilateral meetings in person or on the phone. They may have identified other investors to work with to address the issues you or they have identified.
  • Moderate engagement: your external engagement service provider(s) had more than one interaction with a company on issues identified by you, them or others. The engagement was somewhat systematic but the specific desired outcome may not have been clear at the outset. Your external engagement service provider(s) may have responded to requests to engage with other investors on issues identified by them.
  • Basic engagement: your external engagement service provider(s) directly contacted companies but their engagements tended to be ad hoc and reactive. At the commencement of the engagement, they may not have had clear goals in mind regarding the desired changes to the company's behaviour and they may not have pursued the issue beyond their initial contact with the company. Your external engagement service provider(s) may have signed on to letters authored by others. Their engagements might be more about gathering information than seeking ESG related improvements.
Extensive engagement
Moderate engagement
Basic engagement
50. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. What proportion of your external engagement service provider(s)'s engagements on your behalf addressed environmental, social or governance issues (in percent)?

(One engagement may address more than one issue, so the three percentages need not add to 100%. For example, if you only had one engagement and it addressed environmental and governance issues then the answer would be 100% for environmental and 100% for governance.)

Environmental
Social
Governance
51. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. To what extent do you contribute to and assess the ESG engagement activities of your external engagement service provider(s)?

  • Large extent: you probably have a regular dialogue with your service provider to identify and prioritise engagement issues. You may also collaborate with them to set engagement objectives. You require and review regular reporting on engagement activities performed on your behalf. You question why companies have or have not been engaged, the success of the engagements, and the background and experience of staff performing engagement for you, with a view to assessing the value of the service on an ongoing basis.
  • Moderate extent: you keep up-to-date with issues being pursued by your provider but do not generally participate in determining the issues or the objectives. You require and review regular reporting on engagement activities performed on your behalf. You evaluate the merit of the service regularly (say, annually) but do not undertake in-depth analysis in doing so.
  • Small extent: you receive reporting on engagement activities performed on your behalf but have minimal dialogue with your service provider. You do not evaluate the merit of the service regularly.
No Answer
Engagement - external investment manager(s)
52. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. How many portfolio companies did your external investment manager(s)'s engage with on ESG issues on your behalf in 2008?
  • Extensive engagement: your external investment manager(s) may have had multiple instances of focused interaction with a company on issues identified by you or them and with a view to changing the company's behaviour. Your external investment manager(s) was predominantly engaging with people at the company with the authority to change corporate behaviour. The engagements were systematic and they began them with a clear goal in mind. Extensive engagement includes more than writing letters and includes bilateral meetings in person or on the phone. They may have identified other investors to work with to address the issues you or they have identified.
  • Moderate engagement: your external investment manager(s) had more than one interaction with a company on issues identified by you, them or others. The engagement was somewhat systematic but the specific desired outcome may not have been clear at the outset. Your external investment manager(s) may have responded to requests to engage with other investors on issues identified by them.
  • Basic engagement: your external investment manager(s) directly contacted companies but their engagements tended to be ad hoc and reactive. At the commencement of the engagement, they may not have had clear goals in mind regarding the desired changes to the company's behaviour and they may not have pursued the issue beyond their initial contact with the company. Your external investment manager(s) may have signed on to letters authored by others. Their engagements might be more about gathering information than seeking ESG related improvements.
Extensive engagement
Moderate engagement
Basic engagement
53. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. What proportion of your external investment manager(s)'s engagements on your behalf addressed environmental, social or governance issues (in percent)?

(One engagement may address more than one issue, so the three percentages need not add to 100%. For example, if you only had one engagement and it addressed environmental and governance issues then the answer would be 100% for environmental and 100% for governance.)

Environmental
Social
Governance
54. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. To what extent do you contribute to and assess the ESG engagement activities of your external investment manager(s)?

  • Large extent: you require and review regular reporting on engagement activities performed on your behalf. You have regular discussions with your external managers on the issues to be pursued through engagement and the engagement objectives. You also have a dialogue on why companies have or have not been engaged, the success of engagements, and the background and experience of staff performing engagement for you. You regularly evaluate the managers' engagement activity based on these dialogues and other analysis.
  • Moderate extent: you take an active interest in the managers' engagement activities but do not have regular dialogue with the manager. You require and review regular reporting on engagement activities performed on your behalf. You evaluate the managers' engagement activity regularly (say annually) but do not undertake additional analysis in doing so.
  • Small extent: you receive reporting on engagement activities performed on your behalf where provided but do not actively seek to discuss engagement activities with your managers. You do not evaluate the managers' engagement activities regularly.
No Answer
55. This question is not applicable to you due to your response to Q39 regarding who engages with companies. Did you consider the capabilities of external investment managers to engage with companies on ESG issues on your behalf when searching for, selecting and retaining your investment managers?No Answer
Engagement - final comments
56. What ESG issues were addressed in your or your service providers'engagement initiatives?

(Please check all that apply.)

Activities in conflict zones,Benefits and compensation,Climate change,Environment,Governance,Health and safety,Human rights,Labour issues,Other (please specify): 'Product Safety'
57. What measures do you or your external service provider(s) use to assess the impact and success of engagement?We do periodically compare a company's actions on an ESG issue with our initial request or  ask of the company. Depending on the outcome of this analysis we may continue to engage the company as before, adapt our engagement strategy or seek additional stakeholders to join our efforts. We believe that engagement is successful when it results in a change in company policy and/or performance.
58. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Principle 2 here. Please also describe any significant activities relating to Principle 2 that have not been captured by the questions above.No Answer
Principle 3
Principle 3: We will seek appropriate disclosure on ESG issues by the entities in which we invest.
59. Please provide a one to two paragraph description of your approach to this Principle.Pax World generally seeks additional disclosure from companies on ESG issues when we determine that a company lags its peers on a particular issue, either due to a lack of disclosure or because of a poor performance record. For example, in 2008 Pax World asked to 23 companies held in our funds to respond to the Carbon Disclosure Project when we learned they had not completed the CDP6 survey. We also periodically meet with companies in meetings facilitated by Ceres and SIRAN to review the content of companies' sustainability reports and provided feedback about areas of potential improvement. We also support all efforts to require mandatory ESG disclosure from all companies. Pax was one of a group of several institutional investors that petitioned the Securities and Exchange Commission to provide interpretive guidance to companies on climate risk reporting in 2007, and we met with SEC staff at least two times in 2008 to support action on this petition.
60. Who asked investee companies (or other investment entities) to provide information about their ESG policies, practices or performance in 2008?

(Please check all that apply.)

Internal staff,Internal staff collaboratively with other investors
61. To what extent did you or your external engagement service provider(s) or your external investment manager(s) have a dialogue with investee companies (or other investment entities) regarding the production of standardized reporting about their ESG policies, practices or performance in 2008?

('Standardized' could also include systematic reporting in areas where standardized reporting has not yet emerged.)

  • Large extent: you or your agents have direct contact with companies and regularly encourage systematic ESG reporting by them. You or your agents have a systematic approach to assessing the quality of reporting across a range of issues which are judged to be important and ask for standardised reporting where appropriate. You or your agents have taken a leading role in investor collaborations seeking systematic reporting by companies. You or your agents may also regularly provide feedback to companies on their reporting.
  • Moderate extent: you or your agents have direct contact with companies. You or your agents ask them to provide standardised reporting on key ESG issues from time to time, but you do not have a systematic approach to identifying cases where scope exists for improved reporting. You or your agents may also occasionally provide feedback to companies on their reporting.
  • Small extent: you or your agents have signed on to one or more collaborative initiatives regarding standardised reporting. You or your agents may also have occasionally asked companies for standardised reporting and /or provided feedback on their reporting.
Listed equity (developed market)To a moderate extent
Listed equity (emerging markets)To a moderate extent
Fixed income (not including corporate issuers)Not at all
Fixed income (corporate issuers)To a moderate extent
62. What formats of reporting on ESG issue policies, practices or performance have been requested? Please check all that apply.Integrated with regular financial reports,Standalone corporate social responsibility or sustainability reporting,Global Reporting Initiative (GRI),Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP),Other (please specify): 'Employee demographic data'
63. To what extent did you or your external engagement service provider(s) or your external investment manager(s) seek information from companies regarding their practices related to norms, standards, codes of conduct or international initiatives related to ESG issues in 2008?
  • Large extent: you or your agents have made a substantial and systematic effort to seek information from companies regarding their participation in and compliance with a number of relevant norms, standards and codes.
  • Moderate extent: you or your agents have made a significant effort to seek information from companies regarding their participation in and compliance with at least some relevant norms, standards and codes.
  • Small extent: you or your agents have requested information from some companies but this has been undertaken in an ad hoc manner.
To a moderate extent
64. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Principle 3 here. Please also describe any significant activities relating to Principle 3 that have not been captured by the questions above.No Answer
Principle 4
Principle 4: We will promote acceptance and implementation of the Principles within the investment industry.
65. Please provide a one to two paragraph description of your approach to this Principle.Pax World is considering how to approach other firms in the financial services industries regarding adoption of the PRI. We do not currently use PRI endorsement as a criterion for hiring vendors, though we may encourage our own vendors to consider becoming PRI endorsers.
66. Did you consider RI/ESG requirements when searching for and selecting service providers in 2008 when applicable?
Investment consultantNot applicable
Proxy voting service providerYes, some of the time
External overlay service providerNot applicable
Investment research providerNo
67. Have you included RI/ESG elements in the following?
Investment monitoringYes, all of the time
Incentive structure (internally managed)No
Incentive structure (externally managed)No
Contractual relationships with external investment managersYes, some of the time
Contractual relationships with other investment related service providersNo
68. To what extent did you encourage your eligible service providers to become PRI signatories or consider RI/ESG factors in 2008?

(Service providers include but are not limited to: external investment managers, investment consultants, proxy voting service providers, external engagement service providers, and investment research providers.)

  • Large extent: in 2008 you asked all of your service providers that are not yet PRI signatories if they would sign the PRI or develop RI/ESG capability.
  • Moderate extent: in 2008 you asked some (greater than 40%) of your service providers that are not yet PRI signatories if they would sign the PRI or develop RI/ESG capability.
  • Small extent: in 2008 you asked a few (less than 40%) of your service providers that are not yet PRI signatories if they would sign the PRI or develop RI/ESG capability.
  • Not applicable: only an available option if you have no service providers or if all of your service providers are already PRI signatories or already consider RI/ESG factors.
Planning to in 2009
69. To what extent did you encourage your institutional clients to become PRI signatories or consider RI/ESG factors in 2008?
  • Large extent: in 2008 you asked all of your institutional clients that are not yet PRI signatories or don't yet consider RI if they would become PRI signatories or consider RI.
  • Moderate extent: in 2008 you asked some (greater than 40%) of your institutional clients that are not yet PRI signatories or don't yet consider RI if they would become PRI signatories or consider RI factors.
  • Small extent: in 2008 you asked a few (less than 40%) of your institutional clients that are not yet PRI signatories or don't yet consider RI if they would become PRI signatories or consider RI.
  • Not applicable: only an available option if you have no institutional clients or if all of your institutional clients are already PRI signatories or already consider RI/ESG factors.
Not at all
70. To what extent did you encourage peer organisations to become PRI signatories or consider RI/ESG factors in 2008?
  • Large extent: in 2008 you were an active advocate for RI and the PRI. You may have actively sought to promote RI or the PRI in industry forums or when speaking with the media.
  • Moderate extent: in 2008 when approached, you were an advocate for RI and the PRI. When asked, you may have sought to promote RI or the PRI in industry forums or when asked about RI when speaking with the media.
  • Small extent: in 2008 when approached, you were sometimes an advocate for RI and the PRI. When asked, you might have sought to promote RI or the PRI in industry forums or when asked about RI when speaking with the media, but you many not have encouraged your peers to become PRI signatories or consider RI/ESG factors very often.
Not at all
71. Have you revisited any relationships with service providers in light of RI/ESG issue-related capabilities?No
72. Does your broker evaluation process (which determines how you allocate commissions to brokers) include an ESG component and/or do you have a budget to pay for ESG broker research?No
73A. What is your total investment research budget (including brokerage commissions intended to recognize research, in the same currency used in Q1)4068211
73B. what proportion of your total investment research budget is allocated to ESG research (in percent)?13.8
74. To what extent do you identify ESG issues and suggest them to brokers or other investment research providers for research?
  • Large extent: you have identified specific environmental, social, or governance issues that you would like more research on from your brokers or other research providers. You may have identified specific companies, sectors or themes for research. You may have contacted multiple research sources to indicate your desire to receive this sort of research. You may have asked for mainstream research that incorporates ESG issues.
  • Moderate extent: you may have identified some research providers that can provide you with ESG research and suggested future research ideas. You may not have contacted all of your research providers to request this research.
  • Small extent: you have indicated to your brokers or other investment research providers that you are interested in receiving ESG research.
To a moderate extent
75. To what extent did you engage in dialogue, lobbying or initiatives pertaining to government policy and/or industry regulations (for example, stock exchanges or accounting standards) related to RI/ESG issues in 2008?
  • Large extent: you may have initiated dialogue on policy initiatives relating to RI/ESG issues or participated extensively in dialogues initiated by others. You may have commented on issues relevant to your domestic market as well as issues relevant to foreign markets.
  • Moderate extent: you participated in some policy initiatives relating to RI/ESG issues. Your engagement may be focused on domestic markets.
  • Small extent: you participated in a few policy initiatives relating to RI/ESG issues when asked to.
To a large extent
76. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Principle 4 here. Please also describe any significant activities relating to Principle 4 that have not been captured by the questions above.The calculations in question #73 are calculated by summing the amounts spent on research staff salaries at Pax World Management Corp., as well as the purchase of research services and certain sub-advisory management fees.
Principle 5
Principle 5: We will work together to enhance our effectiveness in implementing the Principles.
77. Please provide a one to two paragraph description of your approach to this Principle.Pax World primarily worked with other investors to implement Principles 1, 2 & 3, collaborating on shareholder advocacy, as a member of several working groups of UNEP Finance Initiatives, and asking companies to provide more ESG disclosure through joint letters and meetings with company representatives. Working with other investors to help implement Principle 4, such as encouraging research providers to provide more ESG research, is the area we believe has the most potential for impact.
78. To what extent did you collaborate with other investors to improve your effectiveness in implementing each of the following Principles?

  • Large extent: you may have initiated one or more collaborative initiatives or industry associations relevant to the principle and adopted a leadership position within established initiatives or associations. You may also have worked actively with a number of other investors on specific issues of relevance to the principle.
  • Moderate extent: you have been an active participant in a number of relevant collaborative initiatives. You may also have undertaken some work with other investors on specific issues of relevance to the principle.
  • Small extent: you may have joined a small number of relevant collaborative initiatives but have not been an active participant in their activities.
Principle 1To a large extent
Principle 2To a large extent
Principle 3To a moderate extent
Principle 4To a small extent
79. How did you use the PRI Engagement Clearinghouse in 2008?

(Please check all that apply.)

Logged in during 2008 to use the Clearinghouse as a learning tool or to keep up to date on ongoing engagements,Joined a collaborative engagement led by another signatory that was posted to the Clearinghouse,Planning to log in in 2009
80. Did you participate in any of the following RI/ESG issue-related collaborations and/or associations? For those not listed, please use the "other" field:

(Please check all that apply.)

Carbon Disclosure Project,Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC),Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR),Regional social investment organisation (for example SIF or UKSIF),Social Investment Research Analyst (SIRAN),United Nations Environmental Program Finance Initiative (UNEP FI),Other (please specify): 'Ceres'
81. Please indicate the three RI/ESG issue-related collaborative engagement initiatives and/or industry associations that you participated in most extensively and indicate how you did so:
  • Large extent: you may have participated actively in the leadership of the initiative and in the preparation of position papers, joint statements or meetings. You also acted as a spokesperson for the initiative and actively promoted the initiative. You may participate in working groups on specific issues and contribute to the organisation or content of events organised by the group. You may have provided financial support for the initiative.
  • Moderate extent: you may have participated to some degree in leadership of the initiative and/or in preparation of position papers and joint statements. You also provided general support for the initiative in various non-public forums.
  • Small extent: You joined the initiative or association, attended some meetings and paid a membership fee but were not actively involved in the leadership or work program of the initiative.
United Nations Environmental Program Finance Initiative (UNEP FI)To a large extentWe are a member of the Asset Management Working Group and the Climate Change Working Group of UNEP FI, as well as being involved in the biodiversity workstream of UNEP FI.
1st Other specify from Q80To a large extentPax World is a member of Ceres and the Investor Network on Climate Risk, and we engage in many stakeholder dialogues and public policy advocacy under those umbrellas.
Social Investment Research Analyst (SIRAN)To a moderate extentPax World is a member of SIRAN, and our Sustainability Research Analysts participate in many stakeholder dialogues and seminars sponsored by SIRAN on sustainability issues ranging from human rights to oil sands drilling.
82. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Principle 5 here. Please also describe any significant activities relating to Principle 5 that have not been captured by the questions above.Pax World regularly reports to shareholders and interested parties on our efforts to integrate ESG and financial analysis, shareowner advocacy, and public policy advocacy through our website, our newsletters, and our annual reports. We have not reported specifically on PRI in the past, but all of our transparency on ESG and sustainable investing is in line with the spirit and letter of the PRI. Our efforts so far have focused on Principles 1, 2 & 3: Integrating ESG issues into our investment analysis, being active owners of the companies we hold in our funds, and seeking increased ESG disclosure from companies.
Principle 6
Principle 6: We will each report on our activities and progress towards implementing the Principles.
83. Please provide a one to two paragraph description of your approach to this Principle.Pax World regularly reports to shareholders and interested parties on our efforts to integrate ESG and financial analysis, shareowner advocacy, and public policy advocacy through our website, our newsletters, and our annual reports. We have not reported specifically on PRI in the past, but all of our transparency on ESG and sustainable investing is in line with the spirit and letter of the PRI. Our efforts so far have focused on Principles 1, 2 & 3: Integrating ESG issues into our investment analysis, being active owners of the companies we hold in our funds, and seeking increased ESG disclosure from companies.
84. To what extent did you disclose (privately and/or publicly) your approach to incorporating ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes in 2008?

(If you disclose publicly, please indicate how this disclosure can be obtained - a URL would be sufficient. If answering not at all, please explain why not.)

  • Large extent: you provided a review of your investment process, highlighting the way in which analysis of ESG issues is integrated into investment decisions. This review was comprehensive (e.g. covered multiple asset classes where relevant) and detailed, subject to the necessity to protect information on proprietary techniques. This review was disclosed publicly and is readily accessible via your website.
  • Moderate extent: you may have prepared a comprehensive and detailed review of your investment process highlighting ESG integration. However, it was not necessarily distributed publicly. Alternatively, your review may have contained gaps either in coverage or in detail.
  • Small extent: you provided only a relatively brief overview of your investment approach and the integration of ESG analysis into decisions.
To a large extent: 'http://paxworld.com/investment-approach/esg/'
85. How did you disclose your (proxy) voting record in 2008?

(Please select all that apply. If you disclose publicly, please indicate how this disclosure can be obtained - a URL would be sufficient. If answering not at all, please explain why not.)

Disclosed to clients or beneficiaries,Disclosed publicly: 'http://paxworld.com/investment-approach/proxy-voting/',All votes,No guidance explaining votes,Disclosed annually,Disclosed continuously (primarily before meetings),Planning to in 2009
86. To what extent did you disclose (privately and/or publicly) your RI/ESG issue-related engagement activities, results and progress in 2008?

(If you disclose publicly, please indicate how this disclosure can be obtained - a URL would be sufficient. If answering not at all, please explain why not.)

  • Large extent: your reporting provided background on the issues at hand, the nature of the engagement and the outcomes. You may have reported the companies that you engaged with and the issues covered with the companies. You may have also covered emerging issues on which you intend to pursue engagement in future. You may have reported publicly on all of your key RI/ESG engagement activities.
  • Moderate extent: you reported on some of your key RI/ESG engagement activities. Your reporting may not have been disclosed publicly.
  • Small extent: you provided an overview of your RI/ESG engagement activities, possibly including some examples.
To a moderate extent: 'http://paxworld.com/investment-approach/shareholder-activities/'
87. Did you disclose (privately and/or publicly) RI/ESG activities, results and progress related to Principle 3, Principle 4 or Principle 5 in 2008?

(If you disclose publicly, please indicate how this disclosure can be obtained - a URL would be sufficient. If answering not at all, please explain why not.)

Principle 3Yes - to clients or beneficiarieshttp://paxworld.com/newsmedia/connection/, http://paxworld.com/customer-service/documents/#9
Principle 4Not at allIn 2008 Pax World focused its limited resources on the implementation of Principles 1, 2 & 3.
Principle 5Not at allIn 2008 Pax World focused its limited resources on the implementation of Principles 1, 2 & 3.
88. How would you like to publish your responses to this PRI Reporting and Assessment tool?

(Please check all that apply.)

Please automatically publish our responses to the reporting and assessment tool in full on the PRI website
89. Please add any overall comments and clarifications related to Principle 6 here. Please also describe any significant activities relating to Principle 6 that have not been captured by the questions above.No Answer
Closing Comments
90. Please describe the benefits you have enjoyed as a result of signing the PRI:The PRI has given Pax World an objective framework to evaluate the extent to which we have integrated sustainability analysis into our investment process, along with identifying areas for improvement. We have found the use of the PRI Clearinghouse to be an effective means of building coalitions and sharing information on ESG analysis and shareowner advocacy with a global group of like-minded investors, and we believe the Clearinghouse is one of the most useful aspects of the PRI, beyond the Principles themselves.
91. What has your organisation changed as a direct result of becoming a PRI signatory?We have found it much easier to communicate with and learn from a wider group of global investors through the Clearinghouse than was possible prior to its inception.
92. Did the financial market turmoil of 2008 cause you to change your approach to the consideration of ESG factors or active ownership? If it did, please explain how.Pax World's ESG criteria are constantly under review, and both the criteria themselves or their implementation may change as the world changes. The financial crisis is another part of a landscape of constant change that prompts frequent re-evaluation of our ESG criteria. The financial crisis has sharpened our focus on governance, and we are considering changing some of the implementation of this criterion in response.
93. What are the top three activities the PRI Secretariat could undertake to enhance and encourage further implementation of the PRI by current and prospective signatories?
1.While the PRI is an excellent forum for asset owners and asset managers, the service providers category seems less well defined and the principles and their implementation seem much less sharp with respect to service providers. It could be useful for the PRI to further develop and provide specific guidance on how various segments of the service provider industry to advance the integration of ESG. In particular, we believe that greater attention to ESG matters on the part of corporate governance service providers, credit rating agencies, and self-regulatory organizations that guide security markets would be useful.
2.
3.
94. What are your top three PRI-related goals/priorities for 2009?
1.Make increased use of the PRI Clearinghouse to coordinate research and advocacy on specific ESG topics, including gender empowerment and climate change.
2.Develop better methods of evaluating the effectiveness of shareholder engagement.
3.Consider the inclusion of PRI Signatory status when evaluating new research partners, or reviewing the services provided by existing providers.
95. What were your most significant achievements in 2008 in relation to your implementation of Principles?
Principle 1: We will incorporate ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes.
Principle 2: We will be active owners and incorporate ESG issues into our ownership policies and practices.
Principle 3: We will seek appropriate disclosure on ESG issues by the entities in which we invest.
Principle 4: We will promote acceptance and implementation of the Principles within the investment industry.
Principle 5: We will work together to enhance our effectiveness in implementing the Principles.
Principle 6: We will each report on our activities and progress towards implementing the Principles.
96. What were your biggest barriers in 2008 with relation to your implementation of the Principles?
Principle 1: We will incorporate ESG issues into investment analysis and decision-making processes.Pax World's most significant achievements related to implementation of the PRI were the continued refinement of our research process and our successful engagement with Ameriprise Financial, which resulted in the withdrawal of our shareholder resolution and the company's agreement to respond to the Carbon Disclosure Project.
Principle 2: We will be active owners and incorporate ESG issues into our ownership policies and practices.Pax World's most significant achievements related to implementation of the PRI were the continued refinement of our research process and our successful engagement with Ameriprise Financial, which resulted in the withdrawal of our shareholder resolution and the company's agreement to respond to the Carbon Disclosure Project.
Principle 3: We will seek appropriate disclosure on ESG issues by the entities in which we invest.
Principle 4: We will promote acceptance and implementation of the Principles within the investment industry.
Principle 5: We will work together to enhance our effectiveness in implementing the Principles.
Principle 6: We will each report on our activities and progress towards implementing the Principles.
97. Please indicate which principle you find the most difficult to implement and the principle you find the least difficult to implement:
Most difficultPrinciple 1
Least difficultPrinciple 3