A range of good and poor practice identified by InfluenceMap across sectors for policy engagement governance and climate lobbying positions are provided below.

 

 SectorPolicy engagement governance  Climate lobbying positions
Energy materials

✓ In December 2017, BHP released a robust audit of its links with key lobby groups with an action plan to remedy any alignment issues.

X A number of oil and gas majors, such as Shell and BP, appear misaligned from their trade associations on climate. For example, Shell communicates a positive message to investors around moving the global energy system towards low-carbon energy, yet maintains a network of lobby groups opposing measures pushing this transition, including WSPA and NAM in the US, BusinessEurope and FuelsEurope in the EU, and APPEA and BCA in Australia. 

 Norway’s Equinor (previously Statoil) has positions on climate policy that are among the most positive in its sector. In 2017, the company defendedthe Paris Agreement, and supported carbon pricing policy in Canada as well as emission standards for electricity generation in Europe. 

X Glencore appears strategically opposed to climate policy in regions key to its operations. In 2017-2018, it has continued to advocate the use of coal in the global energy mix and, in August 2017, head of Glencore’s global coal assets Peter Freyberg appears to have publicly opposed the implementation of Australia’s national climate programme in line with UNFCCC timelines. Glencore appears closely aligned with a number of its trade associations, such as the Minerals Council of Australia, which it has board-level membership of.

Utilities

 ENEL offers a clear account of its climate and energy positions, lobbying links and its desired path, which is prominent on its homepage.

X Despite broadly supporting action on GHG emission reductions and the decarbonisation of the energy sector, in 2015, EDFlobbied for the development of a new coal mine in the UK.

 Iberdrola displays strategic and positive support for climate policy in Spain, the EU and in the US, including more ambitious EU renewable targetsand emission standards to ensure the phase out of high GHG-emitting fuels from the electricity market.

X The second largest US utility, Southern Company, has a recent history of activity that suggests active opposition to US climate-motivated policy, including the US Clean Power Plan and other renewables policy.

Consumer goods

 Unilever has communicated a strategic programme to push for various Paris-aligned climate policies that has been consistently driven through public interventions from CEO Paul Pollman.

X Despite facing significant climate-related risks, Phillip Morris does not appear to have disclosed in detail to investors what legislative measures it is supporting or would be prepared to support to mitigate these risks.

✓ IKEA is active in its support for climate change policies worldwide, including more ambitious EU renewable energy targets and strengthened US fuel economy standards for vehicles.

 Procter & Gamble appears to not strategically and publicly engage across a range of climate policies, despite a similar business footprint to Unilever.

 Technology

 Intel’s climate policy statement clearly sets out its positions on various strands of climate change policy.

X While Facebook appears to have highly positive positions on climate-related policy, it provides little information on its policy engagement processes and does not disclose to CDP.

 ✓ In 2014, Intel appears to have been involved in industry opposition to the US Clean Power Plan. The company has since become increasingly positive on climate, including calling on President Trump to support the UN Climate Treaty and low-carbon policies in the US in 2017.

X AkzoNobel participates in strategic interventions in various climate policy debates globally, such as supporting greater ambition in policy covering the UK housing sector in 2018 and pushing on the shipping sector to keep pace with the UNFCCC on climate ambition in 2016-2017.

 Chemicals

 Dutch firm DSM has communicated its support for ambitious climate policy. This is aligned with its strategic policy engagements as well as the public interventions of its CEO.

Although former CEO of Dow Chemical (now DowDupont) Andrew Liveris signed letters in 2017 urging support for the Paris Agreement and the US Clean Power Plan, he has also been publicly critical of “burdensome” US climate regulation. Dow further retained high-level memberships of the US Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers that actively oppose US climate policy such as the Clean Power Plan.

  AkzoNobel participates in strategic interventions in various climate policy debates globally, such as supporting greater ambition in policy covering the UK housing sector in 2018 and pushing on the shipping sector to keep pace with the UNFCCC on climate ambition in 2016-2017. 

X BASF appears broadly opposed to European climate policy leadership, stressing concerns about industrial competition to policy makers. Since 2016, BASF has engaged negatively on policy including the EU Energy Directive, the UK carbon price floor and German energy transition policy– opposing measures resulting in a “hasty” exit from coal.

 

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