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While sub-sovereign issuers vary greatly, they often need funding to finance public services and infrastructure, which have a clear link to ESG outcomes.
Investors are increasingly — and systematically — incorporating ESG factors into their risk assessment of local authorities’ debt, as well as recognising the important role that sub-sovereign entities can play in achieving sustainable and resilient growth.
The materiality of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors in the Canadian provincial and municipal bond market can be significant.
US municipal (muni) bonds play an important role in funding public services and infrastructure, hence they are fundamentally well positioned for responsible investment strategies. Muni bond issuers will be key in the transition to a low carbon economy.
Momentum is building for investors in US municipal bonds to incorporate environmental, social and governance factors systematically in their analysis and valuations, however they face multiple challenges.